Category archive

Arnhem - page 2

PHOTOS: This is what the Rhine Bridge area looked like after the fighting

in After the battle/Arnhem

For more than 80 hours, approximately 750 British paratroopers, led by Colonel John Frost, had defended their positions on the north side of the Rhine Bridge. Forced by a shortage of ammunition, but mainly because all the buildings that were occupied by the British had been set on fire, they had to surrender in the…

Keep Reading

PHOTOS: September 21, 1944: the evacuation of Arnhem South

in Arnhem/Evacuation/Photos
On Saturday, September 23, the order was given to evacuate Arnhem, but Arnhem Zuid was evacuated on Thursday, September 21, by order of the Germans. Residents of Malburgen enter the city via the ramp of the Rhine Bridge. The British paratroopers of John Frost fought here less than a day before.

Arnhem was evacuated after the Battle of Arnhem. But the inhabitants of Arnhem South already had to evacuate while there was still heavy fighting in and around the city. By order of the German occupier, Arnhem South had to evacuate earlier. On Thursday, September 21, all residents of Arnhem south of the Rhine were told…

Keep Reading

Jacob Groenewoud: the only Dutch soldier who died during the Battle of Arnhem

in Arnhem/Main characters
Jacob Groenewoud during the Second World War in London.

One Dutch soldier was involved during the Battle of Arnhem. Captain Jacob “Jaap” Groenewoud was added as a liaison officer to the headquarters of the 1st Parachute Brigade. Jacob Groenewoud was killed on Tuesday September 19 near the park near the Rhine bridge that now bears his name: the Jacob Groenewoudplantsoen. Groenewoud was an a-typical…

Keep Reading

Myth: Deelen Air Base played no role in the plans for Market Garden

in Arnhem/Myths
The badly damaged "Fliegerhorst Deelen" after the Allied bombing in 1944. (Photo: Gelders Archive.)

There are still many myths circulating about the Battle of Arnhem for so many decades afterwards. One of those myths is that the plans for Operation Market Garden had no role whatsoever for the German airbase Deelen, just north of Arnhem. Fliegerhorst Deelen was built by the Germans in 1940 as part of Germany’s air…

Keep Reading

Myth: Arnhem was destroyed during operation Market Garden

in Arnhem/Myths
War devastation in Steenstraat in 1945.

There are still many myths circulating about the Battle of Arnhem for so many decades afterwards. One of those myths is that Arnhem suffered the greatest war damage during the fighting between the English and Germans in September 1944. The myth that the fights during the Battle of Arnhem were responsible for the destruction arose…

Keep Reading

Not the Hartenstein hotel, but Musis Sacrum was intended to be the British headquarters

in Arnhem/General information/What you didn't know about the Battle of Arnhem
During the Second World War, Musis Sacrum, located in the city center, was in use as a 'Wehrmachtheim' for the Germans stationed in Arnhem.

According to the. original plans for Operation Market Garden, the 1st British Airborne Division was to occupy all of Arnhem before being relieved by the Allied ground forces. The Airborne Division’s headquarters would be located in concert hall Musis Sacrum. Musis was chosen because it was close to the Rhine Bridge and because it was…

Keep Reading

Airborne landings were always unsuccessful

in Arnhem/Before the battle/What you didn't know about the Battle of Arnhem
British paratroopers land at Renkum, 10 miles west of Arnhem, on September 17, 1944.

When you look at the history of airborne landings during World War II, the main conclusion is that air landings were unsuccessful even in the years before the Battle of Arnhem. In September 1944, 12,000 British and Polish paratroopers landed west of Arnhem to secure bridges across the Rhine. At the same time, American paratroopers…

Keep Reading

The Airborne monument in Arnhem is actually a temporary monument

in Arnhem/What you didn't know about the Battle of Arnhem
The airborne monument at the unveiling in 1945. In the background a destroyed city center with the Walburgiskerk (right) and the remains of the Eusebius church (left).

Few people know it, but the Airborne monument near the Rhine Bridge in Arnhem is actually a temporary monument. The final monument was to be placed on the main square in the city center. This monument was designed and realized, but it was never used as the ‘official’ Airborne Monument. What happened: After the liberation…

Keep Reading

William of Orange played a heroic role during the battle

in Arnhem/General information

To immediately clear up any misunderstanding. This story is about a pigeon. But the story of “William of Orange” is special and however far-fetched the facts may sound in this article: the story is completely true. Radios An important factor in the failure of the Battle of Arnhem stems from the fact that the British…

Keep Reading

The aim of the British was not the bridge, but the whole city of Arnhem

in Arnhem/Before the battle/General information/What you didn't know about the Battle of Arnhem

The Battle of Arnhem was part of the large allied operation Market Garden. Bridges in the Netherlands had to be secured via airborne landings. Allied ground troops would then drive via a corridor from Eindhoven to Arnhem. After that, the Allies could easily enter Germany from Arnhem, without having to fight the feared German Siegfried…

Keep Reading

Go to Top