Monthly archive

mei 2020 - page 3

John Frost: the face of the Battle of Arnhem

Lieutenant Colonel John Frost is the face of the Battle of Arnhem. Frost led the 2nd Battalion of the 1st Parachute Brigade during the battle. From Sunday, September 17 to Wednesday, September 20, the paratroopers of this battalion occupied the northern ramp of the Rhine Bridge before they were forced to stop fighting. Born in… Keep Reading

Roy Urquhart: airborne general without a parachute

When Major General Roy Uquhart was told in January 1944 that he was nominated as the new commander of the 1st British Airborne Division, he was just as surprised as the British para-troopers he had to lead. Urquhart, a tall 42-year-old Scotsman, had no experience whatsoever with airborne troops. In fact, Urquhart hated flying. He… Keep Reading

General Boy Browning: the wrong man in the wrong place

British General Frederick “Boy” Browning was a man who undeniably had many qualities. Before and during Operation Market Garden, however, it was mainly his faults that affected the outcome of the fighting. Historians are almost unanimous in their conclusion that Browning’s decisions contributed greatly to Market Garden’s failure. Browning was a professional soldier who went… Keep Reading

Walter Harzer: the German commander who eventually defeated the British

When speaking of the German commanders responsible for the Allied defeat at Arnhem, it often refers to Field Marshal Walter Model and General Wilhelm Bittrich. Less attention is paid to Obersturmbannf├╝hrer Walter Harzer. Yet it was Harzer’s troops that ultimately defeated the British Airborne Division. Harzer led the 9th SS Armored Division Hohenstaufen as Obersturmbannf├╝hrer… Keep Reading

Wilhelm Bittrich: the “chivalrous” SS General

SS General Wilhelm Bittrich, Willi for friends, was the general who led the 9th and 10th SS Armored Division who were stationed in the Arnhem region when Operation Market Garden started. In his role of commander of the 2nd SS Armored Corps, which included the 9th and 10th Armored Divisions, Bittrich was the first German… Keep Reading

Kate ter Horst: the angel of Arnhem

She didn’t like the title herself, but Kate ter Horst was ‘the angel of Arnhem’ for the English soldiers. During the Battle of Arnhem, the 38-year-old mother cared for hundreds of wounded soldiers in the dressing station that was set up at her home in Oosterbeek. Kate ter Horst came to live with her husband… Keep Reading

The death of Generalmajor Friedrich Kussin

One general was killed during the fighting in Arnhem and the surrounding area. This was the German Generalmajor Friedrich Kussin. General Kussin was the Stadtkommandant of Arnhem. In that role he was responsible for the regular German troops in Arnhem. Kussin drove shortly after the British paratroopers landed on Utrechtseweg near Wolfheze on Sunday September… Keep Reading

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